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What is an adrenal gland?

Adrenal glands are glands of the endocrine system that produce hormones including cortisol, adrenaline and various steroids.

The adrenal glands, also known as suprarenal glands, are paired endocrine glands that produce hormones that you can't live without, including sex hormones and cortisol, that help regulate your blood pressure, immune system, response to stress, metabolism, and other essential functions.

There is one small triangular-shaped adrenal gland located at the upper pole of each kidney.

Adrenal gland disorders occur when glands make not enough or too many hormones. Some people are born with adrenal glands unable to make enough hormones.

Adrenal glands may develop benign or malignant nodules, that can produce too many hormones leading to health issues.

Other causes of adrenal gland disorders include:

  • Infections
  • A problem in another gland
  • Certain medicines

Treatment, such as surgery or medicine, depends on the problem you have.

Disclaimer: We do not assume responsibility for the use of the provided information or its interpretation. Our efforts are towards providing current and reliable information; however these should not be considered, or used as a substitute for diagnosis or treatment.

Source: https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Education/Medical-Library/