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Are the complication risks equal for all women when undergoing hysterectomy?

In any surgery, the risk of developing complications is different for each patient.

The risks and complications of this procedure depend upon the type of hysterectomy performed and the patient’s overall health condition. Every woman needs to discuss the potential risks and complications with their gynecologist.

This procedure is usually safe, but as with any other surgery, some complications might occur. The most common risks associated with hysterectomy are infections, blood clots, vaginal vault prolapse, bleeding.

Some patients are at greater risk than others. Essentially, the risks depend on the patient’s general health. For example:

  • if there is an underlying medical condition, the risks related to anesthesia are greater
  • the complication risks increase with greater parity
  • serious illnesses can increase the complication risks
  • obesity can be a significant risk factor and increase the possibility of bleeding and infections

Surgical and postsurgical complications involving a hysterectomy

  • pain: following the procedure, some women need strong pain medication that can become highly addictive
  • organ damage: during surgery, the organs that surround the uterus may be injured, like the urinary tract, bowel, or bladder
  • fallopian tube prolapse: an abnormal postsurgical complication that may require consequent interventions
  • early menopause: removing the ovaries generates a decrease in hormones, which results in sudden menopause
  • sexual dysfunction: the most frequent source of ensuing anxiety

Another risk that may occur following hysterectomy is developing depression. Women at the highest risk of suffering from depression after hysterectomy are women:

  • who have existing psychological problems
  • with no symptom relief after the procedure
  • with severe postoperative complications or side effects
  • who have rushed or have been rushed into hysterectomy without understanding the implications

Hysterectomy involves short- and long-term complications, regardless of the surgical method used. Women should become aware of all potential risks and reach out to their gynecologist, who will help address any related concerns.


Disclaimer: We do not assume responsibility for the use of the provided information or its interpretation. Our efforts are towards providing current and reliable information; however these should not be considered, or used as a substitute for diagnosis or treatment.

Source: https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Education/Medical-Library/