Get Treatment For Hydrocele

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Why Choose Cedars-Sinai Marina del Rey Hospital for Hydrocele Treatment?

The experienced urologists at Cedars-Sinai Marina del Rey Hospital will evaluate and analyze each patient's affection and create personalized treatment plans. In addition, our specialists have access to some of the most effective and innovative medical techniques available, which helps them cure the patients' conditions and alleviate their symptoms effectively.

A hydrocele is a usually painless fluid-filled sac that forms around one or both testicles and causes inflammation in the scrotum. Although it is most common in newborns, the condition can affect men of all ages. Statistically, ten percent of men are born with a hydrocele.

Generally, hydroceles do not pose any threats to the testicles and disappear without any treatment. However, if the enlargement of the scrotum is noticed, a visit to the doctor’s office should be mandatory as this can be caused by testicular cancer.

In the majority of cases, hydroceles go away on their own within a year for babies and six months for adults. If they do not disappear or if they continue to enlarge and cause discomfort, they might need to be removed surgically. There are two methods for a patient to have the hydroceles removed:

Needle Aspiration »
Hydrocelectomy »

There are two types of hydrocele:

  • Communicating hydrocele: this occurs when the sac surrounding the testicle does not close all the way, which allows fluid to come in and out of the sac.
  • Non-communicating hydrocele: this occurs when the sac surrounding the testicle closes, but the body does not absorb the fluid.

Symptoms of Hydrocele

Hydroceles do not generally cause symptoms, but, when present, symptoms can include:

  • Scrotal pain
  • Scrotal swelling
  • Redness of the scrotum
  • Feeling pressure at the base of the penis

Diagnosis of Hydrocele

When a patient shows signs of a hydrocele, doctors usually recommend:

  • Checking for tenderness in the enlarged scrotum;
  • Applying pressure to the abdomen and scrotum to check for inguinal hernia;
  • Shining a light behind each testicle (transillumination) to check for solid masses that could be caused by other problems like testicular cancer;
  • Ultrasound the scrotal area to help rule out an inguinal hernia, testicular cancer, and tumor, which are all possible causes of scrotal swelling;
  • Urine and blood samples can also be required in order to rule out infection, such as epididymitis.

Risk factors for Hydrocele

The majority of cases of hydroceles are found in newborns, prominently in those born prematurely. In adults, it is most common in men over 40 and some of the risks for developing it are:

  • Trauma to the scrotal area
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Radiation therapy used to treat cancer (e.g. prostate cancer)

Causes of Hydrocele

The causes for hydrocele differ from newborns to men, as follows:

  • In babies: it can be developed during pregnancy, as usually, testicles descend from the abdomen into the scrotum accompanied by a sac that allows fluid to surround the testicles. Normally, the sac closes and the fluid is absorbed by the body, but in some cases, fluid remains after the sac closes thus leading to non-communicating hydrocele.
  • In adults: it can be developed after being injured in the scrotal area or as a result of an inflammation or infection of the epididymis.

Some people have found alternative treatments to be beneficial for alleviating their symptoms, although they have not been scientifically confirmed. Some of these treatments include:

  • Taking two cold hip baths per day, one in the morning and one in the evening;
  • Taking Epsom salt baths twice a week;
  • Have a fruit-only diet for 10 days;
  • Use warm water enema;
  • Clematis and Rhododendron natural medicines;
  • Cedical, an herbal medication used to alleviate hydrocele symptoms.

Since this condition develops in utero, there is nothing that can prevent hydrocele in newborns, although, proper prenatal care can help prevent premature births and thus reducing the infant’s risk of having hydrocele.

For adults, it is recommended to take precautions to protect their genital area from any possible trauma, exercise three to five times a week, and use protection against STI’s.

Are you suffering from hydrocele? You can always learn more about hydroceles and how to treat and cure them by getting in touch with our highly-skilled urologists at Cedars-Sinai Marina del Rey Hospital.

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