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Infectious Disease

Your Health. Your Hospital

The number one rule of infectious disease prevention is frequent and thorough hand-washing. Vaccines are important tools in the hands of medical experts, and allow the immunization of the human body against infectious diseases that once decimated human population.

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Infectious diseases are health disorders caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Infectious diseases caused by bacteria include tuberculosis and strep throat. Viruses are of many types and cause a large variety of infectious diseases, which include the common cold on one extreme, and AIDS on the other one. Fungi-related infectious health disorders often affect the skin, the lungs and the nervous system. Parasites may be transferred by insect bites or by animal feces that come in contact with the human body. Many of these types of organisms live inside the human body, or on human skin and hair, and only cause disease in case the system’s health balance is disrupted. The signs and symptoms of infectious diseases may greatly vary, but fever and fatigue are almost always present.

Infectious diseases may be acquired through:

  • Person to person transfer
  • Animal to person transfer
  • Mother to unborn child transfer
  • Eating or drinking contaminated food or water
  • Insect bite
  • Indirect contact

Our medical specialists place special emphasis on early detection and treatment. Despite all efforts, vaccinations and prevention campaign however, the following infectious diseases are still frequently encountered, and to this day, a great number of deaths are attributed to them:

  • Tuberculosis
  • Malaria
  • AIDS

Beside the above mentioned infectious diseases, our medical experts at Cedars Sinai Marina del Rey Hospital are prepared to diagnose and treat a great number of other infectious diseases, such as:

  • African Trypanosomiasi, or sleeping sickness
  • Chickenpox
  • Cholera
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Dengue fever
  • Diphtheria
  • Giardiasis
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Infectious Mononucleosis
  • Influenza
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Lyme Disease
  • Measles
  • Meningitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Poliomyelitis (Polio)
  • Rotavirus
  • Rubella (German Measles)
  • Salmonella Infections
  • Schistosomiasis
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Shigellosis
  • Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
  • Strep Throat
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome
  • Typhoi
  • West Nile Virus
  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
  • Yellow Fever

Treatment approach always depends on the type of organisms that causes the infectious diseases. Medical experts at our hospital are knowledgeable specialists with the valuable ability to decide on the most appropriate treatment or combination of treatments for each of our patients. Treatments include but are not limited to:

  • Antibiotics
  • Antifungals
  • Anti-parasitics
  • Antivirals

Living organisms have the ability to adapt to different life conditions, which means that in some cases viruses, bacteria or parasites may develop drug resistance. Our well-prepared medical staff is ready to meet such challenges and to design and adapt the treatment plan accordingly.

The greatest difficulty of diagnosing infectious diseases lies in the fact that a great majority of them present similar signs and symptoms. For this reason, to gain accurate data and be able to tailor the best suiteCedars Sinai d treatment approach, medical experts at Cedars Sinai Marina del Rey Hospital perform thorough testing procedures. Diagnostic tools include:

  • Biopsy
  • Blood tests
  • CT imaging
  • Lumbar puncture
  • MRI
  • Stool samples
  • Throat swabs
  • Urine tests
  • X-rays, etc.

Frequently Asked Questions

Endocarditis is a severe form of infection of the heart lining and is commonly caused by bacteria. Effective treatment of endocarditis requires the injection of intravenous antibiotics on a long-term basis.

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Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone that is commonly caused by bacteria. If osteomyelitis is diagnosed at an early stage, it can be treated with an injection of antibiotics directly into the bloodstream. At advanced stages of the disease, surgical removal of dead tissue and bone is performed.

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Meningitis is a condition in which the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord become inflamed.

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Fungal infections may cause minor skin rashes, lung infection (aspergillosis) and even serious conditions such as meningitis.

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AIDS is treated with a series of medications such as NNRTIs, NRTIs, Potease Inhibitors, integrase inhibitors and entry or fusion inhibitors.

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