Risk Factors for Uterine Prolapse
The risk factors associated with uterine prolapse increases as women grow older, and it could be due to a decrease in levels of estrogen hormone. The estrogen hormone maintains the pelvic muscles and tissues surrounding it strong.
Other factors that can influence this disorder are:
Menopause: Uterine prolapse is more common among women nearing menopause and those who have attained menopause.
Vaginal birth: Uterine prolapse is more commonly seen in women who have had more than one vaginal birth. This is due to damage to the pelvic muscles and tissues during vaginal childbirth.
Physical stress: Physical pressure on the pelvic muscles increases the risk of uterine prolapse.
Obesity: Being obese and excess belly fat can lead to this disorder.
Chronic cough: A continuous cough exerts a lot of stress on the muscles of the abdomen and pelvic muscles, thus straining and weakening, leading to uterine prolapse.
Constipation: Chronic constipation may lead to constant straining and pressure on the abdominal and pelvic muscles, which can cause uterine prolapse.
Pelvic tumor: Tumor in the pelvis can damage or weaken the muscles, which may enhance the risk of uterine prolapse.
Family history: If your first degree relatives, for instance, your mother or sister have had uterine prolapse, you are at a higher risk of developing uterine prolapse.
Surgery: Pelvic surgery in the past may increase your risk of uterine prolapse.
Collagen diseases: Disease such as Marfan's syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome can cause weakness of the pelvic muscles.
Causes of Uterine Prolapse
Uterine prolapse happens when the muscles, ligaments, tissues and other structures holding the uterus in the pelvic region become weak and stretched. In this condition, the uterus moves away from its original location and descends down due to gravity, leading to uterine prolapse. At times, it may protrude out of the vagina.
Other attributes that can cause uterine prolapse are listed below:
- Lack of estrogen hormone after menopause
- Normal effects of aging
- Continuous pressure on the pelvic muscles because of chronic constipation, coughing, and obesity.