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Thyroidectomy

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Why Choose Marina del Rey Hospital for Thyroidectomy?

To fix a disorder that might have appeared from a hormonal imbalance, your doctor can recommend you to undergo a thyroidectomy. Being a delicate procedure from a technical standpoint, you need to make sure the best specialists are looking into your treatment.

Marina del Rey Hospital has gathered a team consisting of the most respected and reliable professionals to make you feel safe, no matter the treatment you chose to restore your health. The advantages of this type of procedure performed at our health center are multiple, some of the most important being the shortened recovery period and the minimal scarring.

Thyroidectomy is a procedure that represents the surgical ablation of the thyroid gland or just of a part of it. This is a frequent surgical intervention used to treat several thyroid diseases: hyperthyroidism (the pathologic increase in the amount of thyroid hormones produced by the thyroid gland), whose most common form is Basedow disease, isolated nodules, nodular goiter (gland hypertrophy associated with multiple nodules), thyroid cancer.

The intervention is relatively simple as the thyroid gland is located in the neck. Postoperative recovery is also smooth but the patient has to take into account that a thyroid hormone based treatment will be necessary for the rest of his or her life. 

The thyroid gland has an impact on the whole body because of its secretion, the thyroid hormone. It influences the whole metabolism including other glands with internal secretion and even the brain. Any change in the amount of hormones can lead to several disorders of the internal organs and to body disequilibrium.

The surgical intervention happens while the patient is anesthetized. According to the affections of each patient, an incision is made at the neck level and the surgeon can remove:

  • a small isolated tumor (enucleation) 
  • half of one or both lobes that form the thyroid gland (partial or subtotal lobectomy)
  • a whole lobe (lobectomy)
  • the whole thyroid gland (total thyroidectomy)

Thyroidectomy is a benign intervention but very delicate, technically speaking. Therefore, it can lead to a series of complications:

  • definitive hypoparathyroidism
  • temporary hypocalcemia
  • infection
  • recurrent nerve palsy
  • bleeding
  • hypothyroidism
  • airway obstruction
  • thyrotoxicosis crisis

This type of thyroidectomy is a procedure performed using special surgical instruments (an endoscope). The advantages of this type of intervention are multiple, this being the most appreciated procedure by the patients, especially because of the esthetic part. Endoscopic thyroidectomy allows the excision of the thyroid gland without leaving a visible scar, compared to classic thyroidectomy, which can leave a linear scar of 7-10 centimeters in the anterior cervical region. This procedure makes it possible for the surgeon to perform the excision through a small incision at the neck level. Moreover, the intervention is safe and the recovery period is shorter in comparison with the classic thyroidectomy.

If we remove the thyroid gland, the body is devoid of the thyroid hormone and starts suffering because of this. The organism cannot survive without the thyroid hormone and this is way a substitution treatment with similar products or even with thyroid hormone is necessary.

In the situations where a single lobe of the gland is removed, the treatment is no longer necessary because the lobe that is left assures the thyroid hormone secretion.

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