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Who should undergo colorectal cancer screening? What does it include?

All individuals above 50 years of age belonging to all races are at a greater risk for colorectal cancer and should undergo screening.

The screening tests for colorectal cancer include testing for blood in the stools, barium enema, flexible sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy.

People having a history of colorectal cancer or polyps in their family are at an increased risk and should undergo screening at a younger age.

Screening should be performed at the age of 40 if only first-degree relatives suffered from polyp or cancer, and if multiple first-degree relatives had the problem, it should be done at 25 years of age. Patients with past history of cancer, colorectal polyps, and inflammatory bowel disease have a higher risk and should undergo periodic screening.

A colonoscopy is a good option for individuals with family- and personal history of colorectal cancer, while any of these tests are suitable for people at increased risk.

Disclaimer: We do not assume responsibility for the use of the provided information or its interpretation. Our efforts are towards providing current and reliable information; however these should not be considered, or used as a substitute for diagnosis or treatment.

Source: https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Education/Medical-Library/