What symptoms are commonly present in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

The symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia are storage, voiding symptoms and also symptoms which occur after urination.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate enlargement, is a noncancerous increase in size of the prostatic gland, a common condition among men, as they get older. Benign prostatic hyperplasia can be a progressive condition if left untreated. Incomplete voiding results in urinary stasis, which can lead to urinary tract infections. The diagnosis is typically based on examination and symptoms, after ruling out other possible causes.

Common symptoms in benign prostatic hyperplasia

An enlarged prostate gland often causes bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems, being the most common cause of lower urinary tract symptoms. These symptoms are divided into storage symptoms, voiding symptoms and also symptoms which occur after urination. The following symptoms may be accompanied by pain while urinating, called dysuria.

Storage symptoms include:

  • the need to urinate frequently
  • urge incontinence
  • need to wake up at night to urinate
  • involuntary urination at day and night

Voiding symptoms include:

  • involuntary interruption of voiding
  • weak urinary stream
  • urinary hesitancy 
  • intermittency

Symptoms after urination:

  • the sensation of incomplete emptying
  • uncontrollable leaking after the end of urination

Benign prostatic hyperplasia can also cause bladder outlet obstruction with the following symptoms:

  • abdominal pain
  • continuous feeling of a full bladder
  • problems starting urination
  • frequent urination
  • acute urinary retention
  • dysuria
  • slow urine flow
  • urinary intermittency
  • nocturia
Disclaimer: We do not assume responsibility for the use of the provided information or its interpretation. Our efforts are towards providing current and reliable information; however these should not be considered, or used as a substitute for diagnosis or treatment.

Source: https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Education/Medical-Library/

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