What is the treatment for pituitary adenoma?
The treatment for pituitary adenoma consists of surgery and medications.
The primary goal of treatment in a patient with pituitary adenoma is to relieve the pressure exerted over the surrounding structures, usually the optic nerve and chiasm, and to restore production of normal hormones. Most pituitary adenomas are treated through surgery, while in some cases, medications may be prescribed.
Generally, a pituitary adenoma is identified unexpectedly on a MRI scan done for other reasons. The tumor size and the patient's symptoms and hormonal status are important for making a decision in the course of treatment. If there are no vision disturbances and hormone levels are normal, then observation of the tumor with regular MRI scans and visual field studies will be considered.