What is multiple sclerosis and how is it diagnosed?

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic condition and an autoimmune disease, in which our own immune system attacks the central nervous system.

In this condition, the myelin sheath covering the nerves may get sclerosed or harmed. This results in an interruption of impulses traveling along these nerves, which cause pain, numbness, disturbances in gait, speech disorders, paralysis, and blindness.

There is no specific test for diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Our neurologist will perform a thorough physical examination, neurological examination, MRI, spinal fluid analysis, and blood tests. The results of these tests help rule out other causes and diagnose multiple sclerosis.

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Source: https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Education/Medical-Library/

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