What is meant by the terms hematuria and proteinuria?

Hematuria is a term used to indicate the presence of blood in the urine, while proteinuria indicates the presence of abnormal amounts of protein in the urine.

Hematuria is a medical term, which indicates the presence of blood in the urine. This abnormal condition is a result of kidney or urinary tract infections, which require immediate medical attention.

Proteinuria is a medical term explaining excretion of abnormal amounts of protein in the urine. Normally, the structure of a protein is too large, and cannot pass through the kidneys. Thus, presence of protein in the urine indicates improper functioning or damaged kidney. Proteinuria serves as a sign of CKD, which results from diabetes, high blood pressure, and inflammatory diseases of the kidneys.

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Source: https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Education/Medical-Library/

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