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What is asthma and what happens during an asthma attack?

Asthma is a lung disease that inflames frequently and narrows the patient's airways. During an asthma attack, one can experience shortness of breath, coughing, and a sensation that the chest is too tight.

Allergen substances can cause the airways to overreact excessively, causing an asthma attack. Asthma attack triggers are different for everyone, but usually, these are outdoor elements.

Such allergens are pollen, smoke, pollution or cold weather, but they can be indoor substances such as mold, pet dander, dust mites or cockroach droppings. Few food allergens such as fish, eggs, shellfish, peanuts, and soy could trigger asthma, as well as specific conditions like respiratory infections, stress, high emotions or exercise.

An asthma attack makes it difficult to breathe. The airwaves will tighten and will swell, producing thick mucus that will narrow them more.

Disclaimer: We do not assume responsibility for the use of the provided information or its interpretation. Our efforts are towards providing current and reliable information; however these should not be considered, or used as a substitute for diagnosis or treatment.

Source: https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Education/Medical-Library/