What happens during the cataract surgery?
During cataract surgery, the lenses of your eyes are replaced with artificial ones.
Since cataract leads to the lenses of your eyes becoming cloudy and automatically prevents you from seeing properly, surgery has the purpose of taking these parts out and replacing them with artificial ones.
The procedure is performed by ophthalmologists and there are two ways of carrying it out: traditionally, by using ultrasound energy, or with laser-assisted technology. It is a very common and low-risk surgery which takes approximately one hour to complete.
Before the cataract surgery, the ophthalmologist will put eye drops in your eyes to dilate your pupils. Subsequently, you will receive local anesthesia and, possibly, some medication to help you relax during the surgery. During the procedure, the cloudy lenses are taken out and replaced with artificial ones. However, in certain cases, it is possible for cataract surgery to be performed without replacing the affected lenses.
Cataract surgery is carried out either by making a small incision in your eye and inserting a thin probe transmits ultrasound waves to remove the cataract, by employing a laser to make all incisions and soften the cataract for removal or by making one incision in your eye to remove the lens entirely.