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What can happen in case of an allergic reaction and what should I do?

Some of the most common things that can happen in case of an allergic reaction are skin rashes, swollen lips, tongue and throat, breathing difficulties, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea, and in sever cases anaphylactic shock.

Among some of the symptoms that can occur, either individually or together are itchy skin rash, swollen lips, tongue, and throat, which cause breathing difficulties, abdominal cramps, vomiting, and diarrhea. The same allergen does not have the same effect on everyone. Just because a specific protein triggers an allergic attack in some people, it does not mean that the rest will be affected too. In fact, the significant majority of the population is not affected at all. However, in some cases, the allergic reaction can be so severe that it becomes life-threatening.

In cases of rapid onset of the reaction or anaphylactic shock, immediate intervention is needed, because it may cause death. Epinephrine should be administered immediately to relax the throat muscles and tighten the blood vessels. That will allow the patient at least another half hour to get medical treatment. Meanwhile, lying down in a flat position and rest is recommended. For the majority of allergic reactions, from mild to slightly more intense, it is recommended to see a doctor and seek medical treatment.

Disclaimer: We do not assume responsibility for the use of the provided information or its interpretation. Our efforts are towards providing current and reliable information; however these should not be considered, or used as a substitute for diagnosis or treatment.

Source: https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Education/Medical-Library/