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What are the risks associated with undergoing an endoscopic procedure?

In rare cases endoscopic procedures can cause perforation of the gastrointestinal tract or bleeding.

Endoscopic examinations are usually safe and are performed by experienced, specialty-trained physicians. Rarely, as an untoward complication, perforation may occur in the gastrointestinal tract that will require surgical repair. Slight amounts of bleeding may be seen at the polypectomy site, which will decrease on its own or can be brought under control by your doctor.

Adverse effects of the sedative medications given during the procedure may occur, but are very rare. During the post-procedural recovery period or within 2 days after the procedure, if you experience severe pain in the abdomen, fever or bleeding from the rectum, you should see a doctor immediately.

The potential complications are:

  • perforation (tear in the gut wall)
  • reaction to sedation
  • infection
  • bleeding
  • tearing of the gastrointestinal tract

Call your doctor or go to an emergency room immediately if you experience any of the following signs or symptoms:

  • fever
  • chest pain
  • shortness of breath
  • bloody, very dark colored stool
  • difficulty swallowing
  • persistent or severe abdominal pain
  • vomiting

Disclaimer: We do not assume responsibility for the use of the provided information or its interpretation. Our efforts are towards providing current and reliable information; however these should not be considered, or used as a substitute for diagnosis or treatment.

Source: https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Education/Medical-Library/