What are the advantages of the Ross procedure?
The main advantage of the Ross procedure is that swapping the patient's aortic valve with their own pulmonary valve rather than a homograft or mechanical valve leads to better blood flow through the heart and superior durability.
The pulmonary autograft is a viable valve which maintains its growth potential, which is why it is a method of choice in pediatric cardiac surgery in case of congenital aortic valve malformations that require its replacement. Thromboembolic complications practically do not appear in this type of valve, patients do not have to take an anti-coagulation treatment and thus they are not exposed to a risk of bleeding complications. The valve viability also guarantees a higher resistance against infections with a low incidence of infective endocarditis.
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