How can ovarian cysts be treated?

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, naproxen, etc.) and narcotic analgesics can eliminate the discomfort caused by ovarian cysts. Although oral contraceptives cannot treat preexistent cysts, such medication has been proved to prevent their development and recurrence. Surgery may be necessary in case of persistent, symptomatic cysts.

Ovarian cysts are thin-walled sacs filled with clear fluid which often develop on the outer surface of the ovary during ovulation. The majority of them disappear naturally following the release of eggs. However, if the cyst will not release ovules, it will continue to increase in size, sometimes becoming larger than the functional ovary it occurs on.

An ovarian cyst is generally harmless, and it may not be accompanied by any distressing symptoms. It is frequently discovered during a routine gynecologic examination. However, when a cyst is particularly large, one or more of the following symptoms can be experienced:

  • frequent urination
  • abdominal pain
  • modifications of the menstrual cycle
  • weight gain
  • bloating
  • feeling full after eating small amounts of food

Ovarian cyst treatment methods

Treatment is typically prescribed to alleviate the associated symptoms, such as pelvic pain, or prevent the development of other cysts. However, it depends on the type of cyst and additional factors, such as your age and general health condition. Oral contraceptives cannot treat preexistent cysts but can prevent their development and recurrence.

Large cysts that generate symptoms are usually removed through surgery, especially if they are at risk of becoming cancerous.

The most common types of removal procedures are:

  • laparoscopy: a minimally invasive method with a faster recovery process than that of an open surgery
  • laparotomy: performed through a larger incision, through which the entire cysts or ovary may be extracted

A thorough periodical examination from your gynecologist is strongly advisable to avoid late detection of malignant disease.

Disclaimer: We do not assume responsibility for the use of the provided information or its interpretation. Our efforts are towards providing current and reliable information; however these should not be considered, or used as a substitute for diagnosis or treatment.