How are hernias repaired? What precautions should be taken after undergoing a hernia repair surgery?

Hernia repair may be done through either of the two surgical techniques available. These include traditional repair and laparoscopic surgery. The precautions taken after the surgery are taking medications and avoiding physical effort.

In the traditional approach, the abdominal wall is cut open for moving the protruding tissues back in place. The weak region is reinforced using a synthetic mesh. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia.

The laparoscopic technique is less invasive compared to the traditional repair. During this procedure, tiny fiber-optic tools are passed through small key-hole sized surgical openings made in the abdomen. Three tiny incisions may be placed. In one of the openings, a video camera will be inserted to guide the surgeon in the manipulation of the surgical instruments that are passed through the other two openings. The laparoscopic procedure is done under general anesthesia, but the recovery period is shorter, and the patient may return home on the day of the surgery.

The patient will be prescribed painkillers to take care of any post-operative discomfort

Avoid lifting heavy objects or any activity that exerts strain over the surgical area. The patient may return to routine activities gradually. If problems such as

  • excessive bleeding,
  • swelling,
  • fever,
  • severe pain,
  • and redness at the area of the incision develop,
  • please consult your surgeon immediately.
Disclaimer: We do not assume responsibility for the use of the provided information or its interpretation. Our efforts are towards providing current and reliable information; however these should not be considered, or used as a substitute for diagnosis or treatment.

Source: https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Education/Medical-Library/

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