Are cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery one and the same?
No, cosmetic surgery is meant to improve a certain feature, while reconstructive surgery is meant to repair a damaged feature.
Cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery differ from each other by the purpose intended. Cosmetic surgery is a procedure applied for the sole purpose of correcting or reshaping an otherwise healthy and undamaged body shape, like the reshaping of a nose or ears or chin or by implanting silicon in various parts of the body to enhance the shape into a fuller, rounder pair of lips, breasts or even buttocks. Cosmetic surgery can be applied for skin tightening procedures, hair loss, or even skin lifting for younger-looking skin.
On the other hand, reconstructive surgery has the purpose of making things look “normal”, like repairing a breast, which has been damaged by cancer, reshaping the face of a person who suffered an accident or even reconstructing a hand, which has been crushed in whatever hazardous working environment.