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Rectal Resection

Great Surgical Care at Marina del Rey Hospital

Why Choose Cedars-Sinai Marina del Rey Hospital for Rectal Resection?

Due to the advanced medical technology and techniques used at Cedars-Sinai Marina del Rey Hospital, the rectal resection is performed as a minimally invasive procedure. This way our highly skilled colorectal surgeons will be doing the surgery in the safest manner in order for you to have a fast and low-risk recuperation.

Your rehabilitation is the most important thing for our dedicated personnel and you will be working closely with the people offering you the greatest medical care available today.

Rectal resection is the surgical intervention that consists in the removal of a portion of the rectum in order to repair the damage caused by diseases of the lower digestive tract like diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease or even cancer.

There are other affections that can require a rectal resection:

  • Obstruction, injury and ischemia
  • Masses and scar tissue that grow into the rectum and prevent the normal elimination of feces
  • Ulcerative colitis, which can cause perforations of the rectum

Minimally invasive surgery provides a series of benefits like:

  • less bleeding
  • shorter hospitalization period
  • less postoperative pain
  • better cosmetic result
  • lower infection rates

There are two techniques that doctors use when performing a robotic rectal resection:

  • a. The hybrid technique. It is actually a combination between laparoscopic and robotic techniques that are used at different moments of the procedure.
  • b. The total robotic technique. The whole surgical intervention can be performed robotically but one or two docks are required during the procedure.

During the operation, the doctor removes the diseased or perforated part of the rectum. If this deteriorated section of the rectum is not very big, the doctor can reattach the separated ends. This procedure is called rectal anastomosis.

Post-operative medical care includes monitoring the pulse, respiration, arterial pressure and temperature. Because of the anesthesia and the inability of the patient to breathe deeply (creates discomfort around the surgical incision), the breathing can be superficial. Therefore, you will be taught how to breathe and you will be given pain medication if necessary.

Also, the wound is closely monitored in case drainage or color modifications occur. Moreover, the fluid intake is measured.

After the surgery, you can sit in a chair and if no complications appear, you will be discharged in two to four days.

The risks that rectal resection involves are similar to the ones that major surgeries imply and the health state of the patient before the surgery can be an important indicator of the potential risks. Additional affections usually appear when the patient is still in the hospital and, therefore, he/she is monitored for the following complications:

  • wound infection
  • excessive bleeding
  • pneumonia
  • thrombophlebitis
  • pulmonary embolism
  • allergic reactions to anesthesia (like cardiac stress)

After the surgical intervention, the patient is expected to heal completely. However, if any complications appear after leaving the hospital you should report the following signs of illness:

  • swelling, bleeding, drainage, pain or redness in the incision area
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • fever
  • muscle aches
  • constipation
  • vomiting

Yes but only if the area of the rectum that has to be removed is too large and the separated ends can no longer be reattached. In this case, surgeons opt for a colostomy.

Colostomy is a surgical procedure where the distal end of the rectum is closed and left to atrophy in time and the proximal end is brought in the abdomen through an opening in order to create a stoma for the patient to be able to remove the feces from the body.

Frequently Asked Questions About Rectal Resection

Medically known as colectomy, colon resection is necessary for the treatment of multiple conditions and diseases that occur in the colon, such as diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and colon cancer.

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