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Mitral Valve Repair

Great Surgical Care at Marina Del Rey Hospital



Why Choose Marina Del Rey Hospital for Mitral Valve Repair Surgery?

An expert diagnosis at Marina Del Rey Hospital may indicate mitral valve repair surgery as the best treatment approach for you. The procedure is usually required in severe mitral regurgitation or even some other cases, to help improve symptoms and quality of life. The doctors at Marina Del Rey Hospital will assess the degree of the disease for recommending the best treatment for you.

In case surgery is required, specialized surgeons at Marina Del Rey Hospital will perform mitral valve repair using advanced techniques that can reduce blood loss, recovery time, and risk of complications.

Mitral valve repair is the main surgical treatment for mitral regurgitation.

The valve is repaired by partly attaching the two flaps that comprise the valve. Mitral valve repair surgery keeps the flaps together as the heart contracts, making it more difficult for blood to flow backward.

The mitral valve is an important part of the heart, helping direct blood flow through the organ.

The mitral valve sits between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart. These chambers take in oxygen-rich blood that’s arrived from the lungs and sends it out to the rest of the body for use. The valve makes sure no blood seeps back into the atrium once it has passed into the ventricle. This keeps blood flowing smoothly and in the right direction.

Sometimes, the mitral valve can malfunction. If this occurs, the heart may have difficulty pumping the necessary blood through the body, and if this problem is severe, heart failure can occur. There are two common kinds of mitral valve failure:

  • Mitral regurgitation: when blood flows backwards through the valve, from the ventricle to the atrium
  • Mitral stenosis: when the valve does not open completely

In either case, not enough blood remains in the ventricle for the heart to work effectively.

As for any other operation, risks are not totally absent. Patient’s risk depends on age, overall health and degree of heart disease.

However, this surgery carries a low risk of serious complications and has a high rate of success.

Post-operation risks might be as following:

  • Bleeding - could also happen during surgery
  • Pain - medication will be given to solve the pain
  • Endocarditis - infection of the inner lining of the heart

Mitral valve repair is an open heart surgery. The procedure requires the following:

  • General anesthesia is performed
  • An incision is made along the chest and heart to allow access - there are different types of incisions and the doctor will choose the most suited for each patient
  • During the operation a heart-lung machine is used to replace natural functions
  • The two flaps are partially attached by sewing or by being clipped

Most patients may return home after the operation in about a week and full recovery may take about 2-3 months (depending on the overall health).

Both mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis may be mild or severe. Mild cases may not cause symptoms, and your doctor may recommend monitoring to make sure it does not get worse; severe cases will require surgery.

Symptoms which accompany mitral regurgitation are:

  • Difficult breathing and fatigue
  • Pain
  • Dizziness
  • Palpitations
  • Edema of feet or abdomen and weight gain due to liquid retention
  • Finally it could lead to atrial fibrillation (fast and irregular heart rate)

Surgery is required in severe cases.

Benefits of the procedure are:

  • Improved life expectancy and quality of life
  • Long term administration of anticoagulation medication would be avoided
  • Preservation of natural cardiac function

Frequently Asked Questions About Mitral Valve Repair

The length of the recovery following a mitral valve repair is different for each patient.

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Together with your doctor, you will decide if it is better to opt for mitral valve repair or for a replacement surgery based on your necessities.

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Statistically speaking and based on our experience with this type of intervention, we can say that mitral valve repair is a successful procedure.

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We will make sure that you are well monitored right after the surgery and that all the necessary steps which ensure a fast and smooth recovery are taken.

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There are several symptoms that announce a mitral valve problem and that require a doctor’s attention.

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