How Is Robotic Spine Surgery Safe and Accurate

Robert Watkins IV';

By Robert Watkins IV

Posted on August 27th, 2020 in Spine Center

The FDA-approved (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) robotic spine surgery is performed using miniaturized surgical instruments and tiny incisions, which make it a minimally invasive spine surgery.

The procedures such as spinal decompression, spinal fusion, and its alternatives are performed using a surgical robot, called the da Vinci robot.

Though this technology has been here for several years, it has gained popularity among those who are keen to adopt a less invasive way to resolve their back pain, however, there are questions regarding its safety in most minds.

Robotic Spine Surgery–Safest and Most Accurate Minimally Invasive Procedure

The use of robots in spinal surgeries has got FDA clearance and over 30,000 procedures have been performed with more than 100,000 implants placed successfully. The robotic guidance helps in placing the implants with almost 98% accuracy as it nearly eliminates human error. The technique also allows the surgeon to reach the affected portion of the spine through a small cut rather than a large 5-6 inch incision.

This means that there will be less loss of blood and minimal damage to soft tissues, which significantly decreases the post-surgical infection risk. Robotic spine surgery, thus allows the surgeon to view the operative field clearly and place the devices accurately even through a smaller opening.

A multi-center study conducted in 2014, which enrolled 379 patients revealed the fact that patients who underwent robot-assisted spinal surgery experienced 5 times lesser surgical complications and a 7-fold reduced risk of revision surgery compared to other minimally invasive spine surgery. A study that counted 3,271 implants in 635 patients across 14 international medical centers found that the implants were placed with an average accuracy of 98.3%.

Special Precautions Are Taken to Keep You Safe During Robotic Spine Surgery

Your surgeon will be at a special console where a close view of the operative field captured through a 3D camera inserted through the small cut is available. Using hand and foot controls, your surgeon will move the robotic arms that carry the surgical instruments. Another surgeon at the operating table will confirm the proper placement of the instrument. Additionally, the following precautions are taken to ensure your safety:

  • A three-dimensional scan of the spine will be performed before the surgery
  • During the procedure, 3D synchronization will be done to ensure the intraoperative images match with that on the preoperative scan
  • Mechanisms that allow the surgeon to stop the procedure if your safety is at risk

Undergoing Robotic Spinal Surgery at Cedars-Sinai Marina del Rey Hospital

We use advanced techniques and state-of-the-art tools to perform spinal surgical procedures with greater accuracy and safety. Robotic spinal surgeries are considered to be safe for most patients, however, the general risks associated with all surgical procedures do apply. Our spine surgeons will evaluate your overall health and provide all information needed to prepare for your robotic surgery. Get in touch with us for further information.