Robotic Pancreas Transplant Shows Promising Results in Patients with Type I Diabetes
The patients with Type I diabetes, who are obese can now receive a pancreas transplant safely through surgery performed with robotic assistance, as per the findings published in the Transplant International journal.
Pancreas transplantation, though not a first-line treatment for Type I diabetes, can offer a cure for patients with diabetes who develop serious medical complications and do not respond to insulin injections.
Patients with diabetes who undergo pancreas transplantation may stop insulin intake, but, they need to follow the anti-rejection drug regimen.
The incidence of obesity, associated with diabetes has increased dramatically over the past decades. Often, in obese patients with Type I diabetes, pancreas transplantation is avoided because the outcome is poor with high rates of infection of the incision and loss of the implanted organ. Pancreas transplant, when performed through open surgical technique requires a single, long incision that has the risk of developing an infection, which may lead to failure of the implanted organ. However, with the use of robotic surgical techniques, obese patients can receive pancreas transplants safely, which means that the patients who have been denied previously can have the transplant and improve their quality of life.
Advantages of Robotic Pancreas Transplantation
Robotic pancreas transplantation surgery involves a small 5-centimeter long incision through which the new organ is slipped into the body and four, 1-centimeter long incisions to pass the arms of the surgical robot. The advantages of robotic pancreas transplantation include the following:
- Patients with body mass index (BMI) at or more than 30 can undergo the pancreas transplantation procedure.
- Less blood loss
- Minimal post-surgical complications
- A shorter post-operative hospitalization
In addition to obese patients, robotic surgery may be advised in patients with normal weight as it provides better outcomes and lowers the risk of infections.