Current Trends in the Use of Robot-Assisted Surgery

Daniel Marcus';

By Daniel Marcus

Posted on August 25th, 2020 in Robotic Center

Robot-assisted surgery is a technical advancement in minimally invasive surgical procedures. It provides better precision control and magnified vision of the operative field to the surgeon, making it a go-to option for many surgeons.

Over the last decade, the use of robot-assisted surgery has seen an average annual growth rate of 15%. As per the study published in the JAMA network, robot-assisted procedures constituted about 15.1% of all the general surgeries performed in the year 2018.

The rate of robot-assisted surgeries has grown each year from 1.8% in 2012, so robot-assisted surgical procedures may be adopted for most surgeries.

Trends in Use of Robotic Surgery for Specific Surgical Procedures

A steep rise in the adoption of robotic surgery for common surgical procedures is expected. The reason for it is the benefits that both surgeons and patients derive from it. This rapid development necessitates close monitoring of the practice patterns.

Hospitals, more recently, have witnessed an increase in robot-assisted surgical procedures and a decrease in other minimally invasive procedures such as laparoscopic surgeries.

Robotic techniques have been used in thoracic surgeries. According to the researchers, robotic surgery was highest in the inguinal hernia repair procedure as it rose from 0.7% of cases in 2012 to about 28.8% of cases in 2018.

Other surgical procedures that increasingly used robots and the rate of growth include:

  • ventral hernia repair (from 0.5% to 22.4%)
  • colectomy (from 2.5% to 16.3%)
  • reflux surgery (from 5.4% to 26%)
  • proctectomy (from 3.1% to 26.7%)
  • cholecystectomy (from 2.5% to 7.5%)
  • complex cancer resections (from 2.1% to 3.9%)

FDA Approved Robotic Surgical Procedures

Currently, robotic surgery has been approved by the FDA in the use of more than 50 procedures in the following branches:

Robotic Surgery Is Gaining Popularity Very Quickly

Robots have transformed the surgical field, and the way procedures are performed. Surgical robots are now being used in several surgical subspecialties, including colorectal, urological, and gynecological surgeries.

With the advantages of robotic surgery, such as smaller incisions, minimal blood loss and pain, less chance of infections, the patients can expect a faster recovery. At the same time, surgeons feel less stressed as they get better precision and control. All these benefits have allowed the wider acceptance of robotic surgery worldwide.